This is everything you need to know to be aware of Chandrayaan-3 and its benefits for the United States.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is in the process of launching Chandrayaan-3 on the 13th of July 2023. The US is eager to profit from this lunar journey that is a landmark. According to the White House claims that data from Chandrayaan-3 may prove valuable in the any future Artemis humans landings. “India is a signatory to the Artemis Accords, which advance an unified vision of space exploration to the benefit of humanity in general,” a White House statement read.
Chandrayaan-3’s main purpose is to safely land on the moon’s surface, carry out rover missions as well as conduct important scientific studies. The Chandrayaan-3 project holds great potential to the next generation of space travel with the data it collects likely to be beneficial to the NASA Artemis programme, which is aiming to establish a permanent lunar presence for humans.
The timing could not be better as India has only recently signed up to the NASA led Artemis Accords, indicating a dedication to peaceful exploration of the moon. The agreement opens the door to cooperation between the two countries opening the door to sharing of knowledge and experience in space exploration. “India is joining 26 other nations that are committed to sustainable, peaceful and transparent collaboration that will allow research on Mars, Moon, Mars, and beyond. NASA will offer advanced training for Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) astronauts in the hopes of launching a collaborative initiative to build create the International Space Station in 2024,” White House statement further stated.
Chandrayaan-3 will consist of the propulsion module, an rover, and a lander. When the module is in the lunar orbit, it’ll follow a path that is sixty miles over the lunar surface before the lander is separated to make a soft landing. The rover then will explore the lunar landscape over fourteen Earth days, gathering valuable data to aid in scientific research.
The latest technologies of ISRO will be tested in this mission. The rover has hazards detection and avoidance systems which ensure safe travel across the lunar surface. Furthermore, the lander comes with advanced features, like two cameras that detect and avoid danger to ensure a successful landing, overcoming obstructions. The upgrades were following lessons from Chandrayaan-2 the previous lunar mission.
The scientific payloads that are carried through Chandrayaan-3 are truly impressive. The lander is home to Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) which will provide important data on lunar thermal conductivity as well as temperature. Its Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) is designed to identify moonquakes, thereby improving our understanding of moon’s geology. The Langmuir Probe is designed to analyze the density and variability of plasma on the lunar environment, and it is the Laser Retroreflector Array from NASA can provide precise distance measurements by using laser technology.
The rover has amazing instruments, such as the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrum (APXS) that will test lunar rocks and soil to determine the composition of elements, and the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) that will study the chemical composition that the surface of lunar space.
The propulsion module will help in the scientific pursuits through the Spectropolarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) study. The experiment will collect information about Earth’s polarization of light and assist researchers in their search for exoplanets having similar characteristics.